Stock prices are volatile, meaning they experience swings from day to day. As a result, analysts must take many different approaches when attempting to predict overall stock market fluctuations. The broad types of stock market analyses are fundamental, technical, and sentimental. Fundamental analysts consider company finances and the economic environment, technical analysts research recent trading movements and trends, and sentimental analysts observe and predict investor attitudes. Overall, stock market analysis aims to determine future activity of a sector, instrument or the market as a whole. To read further, the article "Stock Market Analysis" linked below.
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Now, a quick read on why the month of August can experience higher levels of stock price volatility:
Why is August a volatile month? One simple reason: many people are on vacation.
And when people are out of the office, the financial markets often see less trading, which can cause big price swings following news events.
The Fitch Ratings news was a great example. When the news started to circulate that the rating agency downgraded U.S. debt, the stock market started to trend lower. And by the end of trading on August 2, the Nasdaq Composite saw its worst day since February.1
If the Fitch news hit in April, would stocks have reacted the same way? That’s difficult to answer. But when markets are thinly traded news events tend to get magnified.
So don’t be surprised to see a few more volatile days this month as we get updates on inflation and the jobs market–two key economic numbers tracked by the Fed. Also, don’t be surprised to see some market volatility when Fed Chair Jerome Powell speaks at the Fed’s Jackson Hole Symposium on August 24-26.
At last year’s meeting, Powell’s speech was seen as “hawkish” on interest rates, and it triggered a 3.4% drop in the Standard & Poor’s 500.2
My two cents is to enjoy the last few weeks of summer. It won’t be long before schools are in session and people will return to school-year routines.
1. CNBC.com, August 2, 2023. “Nasdaq drops more than 2% in worst day since February as Fitch downgrade ignites selloff.”